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PINE database

Taxes, subsidies, and other economic instruments provide important market signals that can influence the behaviour of producers and consumers. Policy INstruments for the Environment is a unique database, gathering key quantitative and qualitative information on six types of policy instruments, in 80 countries – OECD members and many others.

Brochure on the database

How to use the PINE database?

Click on the pre-defined queries on the left panel to start your search.

  • by type of economic instrument (tax, fee/charge, tradable permit, etc.)
  • by country: click on "All information"
  • by industry: click on "ISIC/COICOP Codes"
  • by environmental domain
How to contribute to the database?
Registered users can Login in the upper-right corner.
See also